Prepared Citizens

Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.

  • Previous Posts

  • Michael Osterholm Quotes:

    “What we need to be doing now is the basic planning of how we get our communities through 12 to 18 months of a pandemic.”

    “Ninety-five out of 100 will live. But with the nation in crisis, will we have food and water? Are we going to have police and security? Will people come to work at all?”

    “It's the perfect setup. Then you put air travel in and it could be around the world overnight.”

    “We can predict now 12 to 18 months of stress of watching loved ones die, of wondering if you are going to have food on the table the next day. Those are all things that are going to mean that we are going to have to plan -- unlike any other crisis that we have had in literally the last 80-some years in this country.”

  • US Health and Human Services

    Secretary Michael Leavitt

    "If there is one message on pandemic preparedness that I could leave today that you would remember, it would be this:

    Any community that fails to prepare with the expectation that the federal government or for that matter the state government will be able to step forward and come to their rescue at the final hour will be tragically wrong,

    not because government will lack a will, not because we lack a collective wallet, but because there is no way that you can respond to every hometown in America at the same time."
  • Joseph C. Napoli, MD of Resiliency LLC

    "I think a new meaning is evolving for resiliency and resilience.

    In some contexts the words are being used to mean the strength to resist being impacted by an adverse event rather than either the “capacity to rebound” or “act of rebounding” from adversity.

    Therefore, resiliency and resilience appear to be assuming the meaning of fortitude, that is, “the strength or firmness of mind that enables a person to encounter danger with coolness and courage or to bear pain or adversity without despondency” as defined in the Webster’s Third New International Dictionary.

    If so, we are coming full circle with science accepting a religious moral virtue – fortitude – as written in the Bible’s Book of Wisdom"




  • Faith Based Resources

    John Piper
    Jonathan Edwards
    Reformation
    Pink-Saving Faith
    Pink-Christian Ethics

    "Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves"
    (2 Corinthians 13:5).

    Why Faith Groups Must Care

    When the Darkness Will Not Lift by John Piper

    Stand

    Be Not Afraid
    Overcoming the fear of Death
    by Johann Christoph Arnold







    While I am not a professional journalist, I do embrace the code of ethics put forth by the Society of Professional Journalists and the statement of purpose by the Association of Health Care Journalists and above all else I strive to "do no harm".


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  • Definitions

    from Wikipedia



    Pandemic Influenza


    An influenza pandemic is an epidemic of the influenza virus that spreads on a worldwide scale and infects a large proportion of the human population.

    In contrast to the regular seasonal epidemics of influenza, these pandemics occur irregularly, with the 1918 Spanish flu the most serious pandemic in recent history.

    Pandemics can cause high levels of mortality, with the Spanish influenza being responsible for the deaths of over 50 million people.

    There have been about 3 influenza pandemics in each century for the last 300 years. The most recent ones were the Asian Flu in 1957 and the Hong Kong Flu in 1968.



    Seasonal Influenza


    Flu season is the portion of the year in which there is a regular outbreak in flu cases.

    It occurs during the cold half of the year in each hemisphere.

    Flu activity can sometimes be predicted and even tracked geographically. While the beginning of major flu activity in each season varies by location, in any specific location these minor epidemics usually take about 3 weeks to peak and another 3 weeks to significantly diminish.

    Individual cases of the flu however, usually only last a few days. In some countries such as Japan and China, infected persons sometimes wear a surgical mask out of respect for others.



    Avian (Bird) Flu
    Avian influenza,

    sometimes Avian flu, and commonly Bird flu refers to "influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds."


    "Bird flu" is a phrase similar to "Swine flu", "Dog flu", "Horse flu", or "Human flu" in that it refers to an illness caused by any of many different strains of influenza viruses that have adapted to a specific host.

    All known viruses that cause influenza in birds belong to the species: Influenza A virus.

    All subtypes (but not all strains of all subtypes) of Influenza A virus are adapted to birds, which is why for many purposes avian flu virus is the Influenza A virus (note that the "A" does not stand for "avian").
    Adaptation is non-exclusive.

    Being adapted towards a particular species does not preclude adaptations, or partial adaptations, towards infecting different species.

    In this way strains of influenza viruses are adapted to multiple species, though may be preferential towards a particular host.

    For example, viruses responsible for influenza pandemics are adapted to both humans and birds.

    Recent influenza research into the genes of the Spanish Flu virus shows it to have genes adapted to both birds and humans; with more of its genes from birds than less deadly later pandemic strains.

    H5N1 Strain


    Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the Influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.

    A bird-adapted strain of H5N1, called HPAI A(H5N1) for "highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type A of subtype H5N1", is the causative agent of H5N1 flu, commonly known as "avian influenza" or "bird flu".

    It is enzootic in many bird populations, especially in Southeast Asia. One strain of HPAI A(H5N1) is spreading globally after first appearing in Asia.

    It is epizootic (an epidemic in nonhumans) and panzootic (affecting animals of many species, especially over a wide area), killing tens of millions of birds and spurring the culling of hundreds of millions of others to stem its spread.

    Most references to "bird flu" and H5N1 in the popular media refer to this strain.



    As of the July 25, 2008 FAO Avian Influenza Disease Emergency Situation Update, H5N1 pathogenicity is continuing to gradually rise in wild birds in endemic areas but the avian influenza disease situation in farmed birds is being held in check by vaccination.

    Eleven outbreaks of H5N1 were reported worldwide in June 2008 in five countries (China, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan and Vietnam) compared to 65 outbreaks in June 2006 and 55 in June 2007.

    The "global HPAI situation can be said to have improved markedly in the first half of 2008 [but] cases of HPAI are still underestimated and underreported in many countries because of limitations in country disease surveillance systems".





    Pandemic Severity Index


    The Pandemic Severity Index (PSI) is a proposed classification scale for reporting the severity of influenza pandemics in the United States.

    The PSI was accompanied by a set of guidelines intended to help communicate appropriate actions for communities to follow in potential pandemic situations. [1]

    Released by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) on February 1, 2007, the PSI was designed to resemble the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale





    From the Massachusetts Health and Human Services



    Isolation


    refers to separating people who are ill from other people to prevent the spread of a communicable disease.



    Quarantine


    refers to separating and restricting the movement of people who have been exposed to a communicable disease and are not yet ill.
  • Additional Information

    Creative Commons License
    Prepared Citizens by Catherine "Jackie" Mitchell is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
    Based on a work at http://www.preparedcitizens.org.




    The posts on this site are subject to change. Mostly due to errors in spelling or grammar. I never said I am a professional journalist. I have new appreciation for the job that they do. Also, not all comments made by others will make it onto this site. Comments that advertise a commercial product do not get posted most of the time.


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  • standingfirm

Headlines – It’s not about feelings and its all about feelings – updated

Posted by preparedcitizens on August 7, 2008

[hurrying through writing posts and making huge grammatical, spelling and other mistakes is like nails on a chalkboard for me. I just had to clean up this post :blush:]

Pandemics happen. I know  I have said it before. I am like a broken record these days.

Throughout history the world has experienced pandemics…

The truth is that we are probably going to hear a lot of really wacky theories about the whys and wherefores of any event of this magnitude – whenever it develops. And who knows some of these may even have grains of truth sprinkled throughout them. But they can be a dangerous distraction.

We can avoid the manipulations if we stick to what we know and not what we feel. After all, our feelings are influenced by hormones; sleep the night before, hunger, thirst, and many other things. Feelings can be irrational…

The facts:

Based on historical record AND recent developments in other parts of the world we believe that there are indications that suggest that we are very close to another pandemic period.

Pandemics are not the flu as usual. I say this a lot. Some pandemics are quite mild and some have been catastrophic. There are many indications that we are heading for a catastrophic one—again something nebulous and something we cannot know ahead of time.

This is the first time that we have been able to prepare for a pandemic. We are in uncharted waters.

This is the first time that the world has been able to prepare for a catastrophic event.

It is right to allow people to be responsible for their lives but it is wrong to hold back information from people. So we sit here in the middle somewhere. Government has made some strides, individuals have made some strides, and hopefully we will all be ready when it the time comes. Honestly, this subject has to be breathed in and out like air so we all know what to do when the time comes….even the children. Children will be left alone due to illness or death, they must know in advance where to go for help, who to trust.

When people are largely uninformed, for whatever reason, and when we approach crunch time, they will become fearful. Even beyond fearful. And when people become that fearful they sometimes react irrationally.

Too few people want to take on the responsibility of telling others. Perhaps it is because of the fear of starting a panic, or run on the banks, or run on the stores, or because if our timing is off we will be accused of crying wolf. Self preservation is also a drive and telling people that you know and are preparing may put you at risk if others are not prepared as well. This fear motivates silence.

Telling people over and over about so many different threats leads to people tuning most of it out. Fatigue does set in. I have experienced this fatigue. Over the past 20 years I have seen a hardening of my own heart in regards to the suffering of others. I have to pray daily to be given a softer heart.

And this is where it becomes all about feelings for me.

I want to be able to empathize even though I know it is going to hurt. I have seen what happens to a society that cannot empathize. I know people who cannot walk in other people’s shoes. I don’t want to be that person. I don’t want us to become that society. We cannot turn our backs on those in need. Not that we have, yet. And we do not know when our own hands may be outstretched. But when things become harder to bear, when we experience death in our towns due to a pandemic we may be sorely tempted to withdraw from helping others. We fear now the reactions of others when we talk about pandemics – is that not withdrawal?

So more facts:

The fact is no one REALLY knows how to do this, this “telling” thing. I don’t know how to tell my neighbors. So now I am relying on those with far more resources at their finger tips.

The problem is if no one will take the chance by allowing for probability that “the public” actually has broader shoulders than imagined then people who REALLY matter *everyone* will not be ready.

So those who speak to others…thank you.

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