Prepared Citizens

Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.

  • Previous Posts

  • Michael Osterholm Quotes:

    “What we need to be doing now is the basic planning of how we get our communities through 12 to 18 months of a pandemic.”

    “Ninety-five out of 100 will live. But with the nation in crisis, will we have food and water? Are we going to have police and security? Will people come to work at all?”

    “It's the perfect setup. Then you put air travel in and it could be around the world overnight.”

    “We can predict now 12 to 18 months of stress of watching loved ones die, of wondering if you are going to have food on the table the next day. Those are all things that are going to mean that we are going to have to plan -- unlike any other crisis that we have had in literally the last 80-some years in this country.”

  • US Health and Human Services

    Secretary Michael Leavitt

    "If there is one message on pandemic preparedness that I could leave today that you would remember, it would be this:

    Any community that fails to prepare with the expectation that the federal government or for that matter the state government will be able to step forward and come to their rescue at the final hour will be tragically wrong,

    not because government will lack a will, not because we lack a collective wallet, but because there is no way that you can respond to every hometown in America at the same time."
  • Joseph C. Napoli, MD of Resiliency LLC

    "I think a new meaning is evolving for resiliency and resilience.

    In some contexts the words are being used to mean the strength to resist being impacted by an adverse event rather than either the “capacity to rebound” or “act of rebounding” from adversity.

    Therefore, resiliency and resilience appear to be assuming the meaning of fortitude, that is, “the strength or firmness of mind that enables a person to encounter danger with coolness and courage or to bear pain or adversity without despondency” as defined in the Webster’s Third New International Dictionary.

    If so, we are coming full circle with science accepting a religious moral virtue – fortitude – as written in the Bible’s Book of Wisdom"




  • Faith Based Resources

    John Piper
    Jonathan Edwards
    Reformation
    Pink-Saving Faith
    Pink-Christian Ethics

    "Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves"
    (2 Corinthians 13:5).

    Why Faith Groups Must Care

    When the Darkness Will Not Lift by John Piper

    Stand

    Be Not Afraid
    Overcoming the fear of Death
    by Johann Christoph Arnold







    While I am not a professional journalist, I do embrace the code of ethics put forth by the Society of Professional Journalists and the statement of purpose by the Association of Health Care Journalists and above all else I strive to "do no harm".


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  • Definitions

    from Wikipedia



    Pandemic Influenza


    An influenza pandemic is an epidemic of the influenza virus that spreads on a worldwide scale and infects a large proportion of the human population.

    In contrast to the regular seasonal epidemics of influenza, these pandemics occur irregularly, with the 1918 Spanish flu the most serious pandemic in recent history.

    Pandemics can cause high levels of mortality, with the Spanish influenza being responsible for the deaths of over 50 million people.

    There have been about 3 influenza pandemics in each century for the last 300 years. The most recent ones were the Asian Flu in 1957 and the Hong Kong Flu in 1968.



    Seasonal Influenza


    Flu season is the portion of the year in which there is a regular outbreak in flu cases.

    It occurs during the cold half of the year in each hemisphere.

    Flu activity can sometimes be predicted and even tracked geographically. While the beginning of major flu activity in each season varies by location, in any specific location these minor epidemics usually take about 3 weeks to peak and another 3 weeks to significantly diminish.

    Individual cases of the flu however, usually only last a few days. In some countries such as Japan and China, infected persons sometimes wear a surgical mask out of respect for others.



    Avian (Bird) Flu
    Avian influenza,

    sometimes Avian flu, and commonly Bird flu refers to "influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds."


    "Bird flu" is a phrase similar to "Swine flu", "Dog flu", "Horse flu", or "Human flu" in that it refers to an illness caused by any of many different strains of influenza viruses that have adapted to a specific host.

    All known viruses that cause influenza in birds belong to the species: Influenza A virus.

    All subtypes (but not all strains of all subtypes) of Influenza A virus are adapted to birds, which is why for many purposes avian flu virus is the Influenza A virus (note that the "A" does not stand for "avian").
    Adaptation is non-exclusive.

    Being adapted towards a particular species does not preclude adaptations, or partial adaptations, towards infecting different species.

    In this way strains of influenza viruses are adapted to multiple species, though may be preferential towards a particular host.

    For example, viruses responsible for influenza pandemics are adapted to both humans and birds.

    Recent influenza research into the genes of the Spanish Flu virus shows it to have genes adapted to both birds and humans; with more of its genes from birds than less deadly later pandemic strains.

    H5N1 Strain


    Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the Influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.

    A bird-adapted strain of H5N1, called HPAI A(H5N1) for "highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type A of subtype H5N1", is the causative agent of H5N1 flu, commonly known as "avian influenza" or "bird flu".

    It is enzootic in many bird populations, especially in Southeast Asia. One strain of HPAI A(H5N1) is spreading globally after first appearing in Asia.

    It is epizootic (an epidemic in nonhumans) and panzootic (affecting animals of many species, especially over a wide area), killing tens of millions of birds and spurring the culling of hundreds of millions of others to stem its spread.

    Most references to "bird flu" and H5N1 in the popular media refer to this strain.



    As of the July 25, 2008 FAO Avian Influenza Disease Emergency Situation Update, H5N1 pathogenicity is continuing to gradually rise in wild birds in endemic areas but the avian influenza disease situation in farmed birds is being held in check by vaccination.

    Eleven outbreaks of H5N1 were reported worldwide in June 2008 in five countries (China, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan and Vietnam) compared to 65 outbreaks in June 2006 and 55 in June 2007.

    The "global HPAI situation can be said to have improved markedly in the first half of 2008 [but] cases of HPAI are still underestimated and underreported in many countries because of limitations in country disease surveillance systems".





    Pandemic Severity Index


    The Pandemic Severity Index (PSI) is a proposed classification scale for reporting the severity of influenza pandemics in the United States.

    The PSI was accompanied by a set of guidelines intended to help communicate appropriate actions for communities to follow in potential pandemic situations. [1]

    Released by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) on February 1, 2007, the PSI was designed to resemble the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale





    From the Massachusetts Health and Human Services



    Isolation


    refers to separating people who are ill from other people to prevent the spread of a communicable disease.



    Quarantine


    refers to separating and restricting the movement of people who have been exposed to a communicable disease and are not yet ill.
  • Additional Information

    Creative Commons License
    Prepared Citizens by Catherine "Jackie" Mitchell is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
    Based on a work at http://www.preparedcitizens.org.




    The posts on this site are subject to change. Mostly due to errors in spelling or grammar. I never said I am a professional journalist. I have new appreciation for the job that they do. Also, not all comments made by others will make it onto this site. Comments that advertise a commercial product do not get posted most of the time.


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  • standingfirm

CDC Travelers Health Kit

Posted by preparedcitizens on November 11, 2008

International travel and even travel within our own country demands a bit more preparedness these days.

The CDC has developed some recommendations for travelers to travel safely.

Knowing that a pandemic can start at any time, and that there are other concerns of late, traveling safely requires a bit more planning. The U.S. Department of State recommends to “Remain in Country During a Pandemic” “Americans who are overseas should be prepared to remain in country for an extended period”.

This Christmas it would be a good idea to be a bit more practically minded with our gift giving overall. A few of my friends are missionaries in far off places. A wonderful Christmas gift this year would be a Traveler’s Health Kit.

For more extensive information check out the “Yellow Book”

yellow book Read the Table of Contents here

What is also important to note that during a pandemic travel to and from home will become fraught with difficulty.

Travelers’ Health Kit

is a feature in Chapter 2 that bears highlighting.

A woman packing a suitcase

Attention, international travelers! Save room in your suitcase for your Travelers’ Health Kit. Use this as a guide for packing items you will need to stay healthy on your trip—such as sunscreen and insect repellent, prescription medicines, and basic first-aid items.

A sample travelers' health kit

There’s a lot to think about when you are preparing to travel to a different country! When you’re planning what to take on your trip, don’t forget to pack a Travelers’ Health Kit in your luggage. It’s a good idea to keep all medicines, especially prescriptions, in your carry-on bags. Because of airline security rules, sharp objects and some liquids and gels will have to remain in checked luggage.

Here are a few items you might want to include in your kit.

Basic First-Aid Items

  • Adhesive bandages
  • Gauze
  • Elastic wrap for sprains
  • Antiseptic
  • Tweezers
  • Scissors
  • Digital thermometer
  • Antibacterial and antifungal ointments/creams
  • 1% hydrocortisone cream
  • Moleskin for blisters
  • Aloe gel for sunburns
  • Lubricating eye drops
  • First-aid quick reference card

Medicines

  • Acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, or another medicine for pain or fever
  • Antacid
  • Over-the-counter antidiarrheal medicine (such as bismuth subsalicylate or loperamide)
  • Antibiotic for self-treatment of moderate to severe diarrhea
  • Oral rehydration solution packets
  • Mild laxative
  • Antihistamine
  • Decongestant (alone or in combination with antihistamine)
  • Cough suppressant/expectorant
  • Throat lozenges
  • Personal medicines:
  • Any prescription or over-the-counter drugs you take on a regular basis
  • Epinephrine auto-injector (such as EpiPen), if you have a severe allergy
  • Anti-malaria drugs, if needed

More Information

Other Important Items

  • See the Travelers’ Health Kit section of the CDC Health Information for International Travel 2008.
  • Remember that CDC recommends you talk to a doctor familiar with travel medicine 4-6 weeks before your trip to make sure you have any vaccines or medicines you need to stay healthy. See the Travelers’ Health Web site for more information.
  • Insect repellent
  • Sunscreen (at least SPF 15)
  • Antibacterial hand wipes or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol)
  • Other items, depending on your destination and possible activities:
  • Water purification tablets
  • Mild sedative (such as zolpidem) or other sleep aid
  • Anti-anxiety medicine
  • Medicine to prevent or treat altitude illness
  • Latex condoms

Passenger jet landing

Contact Card

When you travel with medicines:

  • Make sure you carry them in their original containers with clear labels, so it’s clear what medicines they are.
  • If you are taking any prescription medicines, carry along a copy of the prescription, including the generic names for medicines.
  • If you are carrying any controlled substances or injectable medicines, carry a note on letterhead stationery from your doctor to explain your reason for having this medicine.

Also what bears highlighting during the holiday season of heightened travel is the following…The Post-Travel Period

Checking this link before you travel internationally is also wise.

The International Society of Travel Medicine

They post outbreak news updates like the following:

Current as of November 11, 2008

News from WHO

Outbreak News – November 2008

Outbreak News – October 2008

Outbreak News – September 2008

Travel safe, travel wise

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